Using Machine Learning to manage fuel consumption

Fleet Management, Asset Tracking, Field Force Automation are application areas getting a lot of attention as businesses realize the value of being able to Track their high-value assets, Analyze historical data to derive insights and Optimize business processes for efficiency. Businesses are continuously generating gigabytes of location and other ancillary data which very often get summarized into simple reports.
Machine Learning methodologies can help with developing predictive algorithms and fine-tune them as data is continuously applied against the models. Examples of some such insights are travel time prediction, tire wear and tear, fuel consumption analytics, replacement of disk brakes, belts etc.
AssetTrackr has been collecting telematics data for over 6 years and amassed terabytes of information! The data collected and analyzed has helped many of our customers’ fine-tune vehicle routing to avoid congested areas, schedule travel to avoid peak traffic hours etc. Besides monitoring, many customers have been able to optimize warehouse operations like loading/unloading to minimize wait times at the docks. 

A recent focus has been on addressing fuel consumption and optimization. AssetTrackr offers a non-intrusive Fuel Sensor solution to customers. Besides being able to monitor fuel levels in trucks and preventing pilferage, data is collected and analyzed to effectively predict current & future fuel consumption in optimizing fuel economy for fleet managers. Apart from that, accuracy in fuel consumption report helps fleet managers keep a track of abnormal fuel consumption, giving them an insight into fraudulent activities or other factors.

What affects fuel consumption?

Fuel consumption of a vehicle depends on several internal factors such as distance, load, engine tuning, vehicle characteristics, and driver behaviour, as well as external factors such as road conditions, traffic and weather. However, not all these factors may be measured or available for fuel consumption analysis. Hence, it’s a challenge to model fuel consumption with limited data while taking all other influences into consideration. This is where Machine Learning provides excellent value by studying and using various data and patterns to create highly accurate customized fuel consumption analysis.

So, what is Machine Learning?

Machine Learning is a field of computer science which gives the computer the ability to learn without being explicitly programmed. It is defined as the practice of using algorithms to extract data, learn from it, and then forecast future trends for that topic. It is closely related to the field of computational statistics where we build a mathematical model for data prediction. Building this model can be done either by supervised learning or unsupervised learning. 

How AssetTrackr uses Machine Learning

AssetTrackr uses smart principles of machine learning to track, manage and analyze fuel consumption of your vehicle. Fuel tanks are generally irregular in shapes and projecting fuel level at any instance is difficult not just for these kinds but also for regular-shaped tanks. Also, inside the tank, often there are reinforcement rings, partitions, mechanical fuel level floats etc. which makes it difficult to use a mathematical formula.
 AssetTrackr uses machine learning principles where the model is trained using supervised learning. During installation, we take calibration data in terms of fuel volume and sensor height. Sometimes it is not feasible to do the calibration of the tank because of it’s large holding capacity. For those cases, we apply unsupervised learning where we start off with mathematical formula based on structural mechanics to calculate fuel and iteratively update the formula to reduce error over a period of 2-3 weeks until we get the desired accuracy. This process is carried out in unison with the customer where we require data related to refills and pilferage during those intervals. 
We then use this data to train our model using regression with gradient descent(a process of reducing error from the model). Amongst various regression models, we choose the best model for your tank with minimum error percentage. Once the model is trained we do validation to check the correctness of the model. 

We have also studied the consumption pattern of the vehicle across segments and we currently classify vehicles in three categories:

  • Low consumption, usually 4 tyre vehicles.
  • Medium consumption, usually 6-10 tyre vehicles.
  • Heavy consumption, usually 14-18 tyre vehicles.

Across these segments, we have studied the consumption rate and has successfully developed a smart mechanism to detect pilferage, refills and even abnormalities in fuel consumption during trips. Since our solution is customer-oriented we also provide in-depth analysis of mileage using speed profiling. We study the consumption vs speed pattern of a vehicle during a trip and categorize it into various speed categories along with the consumption rate. This gives us insight about how speed affects the consumption rate.

Machine Learning in Telematics Industry can have a significant impact on fleet management, showing the way to more detailed predictive analysis and add tremendous value to Total Cost Of Operation (TCO), Fuel Consumption Management, Vehicle Safety, & Predictive maintenance in fleet operations. 


AIS 140 compliant Vehicle Tracking in India and its importance

AIS 140 compliant vehicle tracking in India

The Government of India has directed all state governments to enforce the standards, AIS 140 compliant GPS vehicle tracking devices with the supporting software for all passenger-carrying buses and other public transport vehicles.The Ministry of Road Transport and highways (MoRTH) stated that installation of AIS 140 certified vehicle tracking system along with emergency button should be mandatory in all new public/passenger and commercial vehicles with national permit.

 In Karnataka, the transport department had said that they would mandate vehicle tracking and the emergency buttons for all the new public transport vehicles within the state from 1st January 2019. Henceforth, Kerala Motor Vehicle Department (KMVD) has taken the first initiative by implementing AIS 140 compliant GPS Tracking Solution to track school buses, which is a mandatory requirement across the state.

What does AIS 140 compliant Vehicle Tracking Means?

Automotive Industry Standard 140 (AIS 140) is a set of standards published by ARAI (Automotive) for vehicle tracking system, camera surveillance system, and emergency request button.One of the most widely implemented methods to reduce horrendous traffic problem is Intelligent Transportation System (ITS).ITS is a national program aimed at using modern computers and communications to make travel smarter, faster, safer with traffic management solutions, public transport management, emergency management, etc.Under the ITS, Automotive Industry Standard (AIS) along with Automotive Research Association of India (ARAI) has framed certain AIS Guidelines and AIS 140 is one among them.

Why do we need to have AIS 140 Compliant Vehicle Tracking Device?

The transportation in the metro cities of the country is finding it hard to handle such huge number of vehicles. Traffic congestion is one of the major challenges the authorities and decision makers are tackling today. Technology has become the backbone of everything in our day-to-day life. To reduce traffic abnormality issues, to keep track of driver behavior, the latest technology of AIS 140 compliant vehicle tracking devices should be used in the traffic systems as soon as possible. With the help of real-time tracking, historical data, such as replay of trips, alerts( stoppages, idling time etc), reports of every month, authorities can investigate such incidents and take appropriate measures to the traffic congestion, previously unknown/unidentified risks involved in operations.

The industries that need to have mandatory AIS 140 certified GPS Tracking Device

  • State Road Transport Corporations
  • Domestic and Interstate Private Bus Operators
  • Ambulances and Emergency Response Vehicles
  • All Educational Institutions( School Buses etc)
  • Cars, Bus and Taxi Fleet Owners
  • Rental Car Services
  • Taxi Ride Hailing Services

Features of AssetTrackr’s AIS 140 Compliant Vehicle Tracking Device

  • Real-time vehicle tracking
  • AIS 140 compliant
  • ARAI/ICAT certified
  • Embedded eSim
  • Panic Button(SOS)
  • Dual Network sim
  • IP66 Dust and waterproof
  • Alerts( Overspeeding, idling, power off, geo-fence)
  • Government approved emergency button

AIS 140 is being implemented across the country for all public transport vehicles.The fundamental components of AIS 140 include widespread installation of GPS tracking devices, along with panic button/SOS buttons (emergency buttons) for real-time vehicle tracking and immediate emergency management measures. AssetTrackr- a WABCO company could be your right partner to choose for your massive transition in fleet management.

Optimize your TCO with AssetTrackr’s Fuel Tracking and TPMS Bundle Solution

For vehicle owners, managing business output and maintaining Healthy Total Cost of Ownership can be challenging at many levels. At micro level, tracking and managing day-to-day cost can be tricky. So many vehicles are given out to different drivers and factors like rash driving, fuel pilferage, recurrent tyre damage can escallate the running cost and drive the Total Cost of Ownership through the roof for some business owners.

But what if we tell you that there is ONE solution that can take care of all these factors, give you real time tracking of your vehicle fuel consumption and also help you expand your vehicle tyre lifespan by about 50 percent just under one roof?

With AssetTrackr’s Fuel tracking & TPMS bundle solution, you can relax and let us optimize your TCO in the long run by managing, tracking, analyzing & optimizing your vehicle fuel consumption and optimal tyre pressure altogether at once.

A little insight into our expertise

Fleet Management has become an integral part of the modern business to save operational cost for buses, trucks, vans & even personal cars in the most controlled & accurate environment. . But how do we achieve this?  

Fleet Management Solution with GPS tracks the most essential components of your vehicle running and helps you closely monitor its movement & efficiency real-time

GPS Fleet Management Solution also allows to receive alerts or historical reports of driver speeding, idling, stopped, traveling or moving outside a predefined route. It is also possible to find the anomalies or bad driving habits that can affect fuel efficiency and the usefulness of the vehicle.

Fuel Monitoring Solution & Tyre Pressure Monitoring Solution are two powerfully integral Solutions that make Fleet Management all inclusive & effective for vehicle owners. Let’s review each solution one by one.

Why Fuel Management?

Fuel is the biggest overhead expense in many organizations.In fact, it is not just the fleet and logistics companies that have to bear the loss in case their vehicles show bad performance in fuel efficiency parameters, but many other organizations also get affected with rising fuel overhead. An efficient fuel management system is necessary to reduce the consumption of fuel and help companies to make a significant saving on the operational cost.

To increase Fuel efficiency, reduce fuel cost and prevent fuel theft, Fuel Monitoring Solution is introduced. Fleet Management Solution with Fuel Monitoring Solution works as an effective instrument to control Fuel wastage.Fuel Monitoring & Vehicle tracking solution is considered as one of the best Telematics solutions.

Features of a Fuel Monitoring Solution

Accurate and remote tank monitoring : A Fuel monitoring solution shows the accurate data of the fuel despite any outside environment.You can even monitor current fuel level reading from the web/smartphone.

Excellent stability: Being different from direct-contact measurement, ultrasonic fuel level sensor adopts non-contact measurement, which can avoid pollution and corrosion from fuel and hence maintain stability for a long period of time.

High reliability: It can still work in harsh environment and it is damp-proof, acid-proof, flame-retardant, anti-interference, and intelligent. This product can be used independently to check fuel level data from auxiliary display unit. It seamlessly integrated with GPS tracker which sends fuel level data to host computer for statistical data collection, and perform analysis and query.

Fuel theft Prevention: Check exact amount of fuel refilled along with location and time. This helps the owner reconcile the fuel bills provided to him by the drivers. 24/7 monitoring of fuel allows detection of even smallest withdrawals from the fuel tank.

Automated Alerts– Get alerts on your Smartphone on fuel refill / pilferage.

Automated fuel accounting and reporting– Provides you with precise fuel measurements and customized reports for detailed analysis on fuel consumption and monthly fuel consumption report so that you can detect anomalies and eliminate it. Get fuel log & cost/km reports. There is no need to have records on paper anymore, all data will be recorded automatically

Why do you need Tyre Pressure Monitoring?

Tyre pressure monitoring system is integrated into gps tracking solution, offering new tyre management for fleet managers and company bosses and end users. TPMS allows users controls the human safety, security and enhance the productivity of tires use and prolong the tires life to lower down the maintenance cost on tires.

Tyre Pressure Sensors send signals to TPMS receiver. If TPMS receiver or gps tracking device doesn’t receive signal from one of sensors, and gps tracking device detects continuous trembles, software platform would consider it as tyre theft and send alerts.

Reduce tyre maintenance cost, Extend the life of the tire : Over-inflation or under-inflation would cause problems to tyres. Under-inflated tyres have shorter lifespan. The center of tyre’s thread would be worn much if over inflated. TPMS would send alerts if tyres are over-inflated or under inflated status. So users can adjust the tyre pressure in properly inflated status. Proper inflation would make tyres wear more evenly. It prolongs the tyres life and reduce the tires maintenance cost.

Improve fuel economy and reduce CO2 emission : Proper tyre inflation would optimize tyre performance and fuel economy. Under inflation increases the contact area of tyre. It would lead to more fuel consumed for more power. And over inflation would cause much noise from the road surface, hard suspension. Proper tyre inflation requires less power to drive vehicle moving.

Increase the drivers safety, protect company assets : The TPMS function in gps tracking also protect the drivers, decreases the tyres blown-up possibility. Tyre blown-up leads to severe accident. TPMS function would alerts driver or fleet management to take initiatives to handle the potential tyres issues.


So in a nutshell, Fuel Monitoring Solution & Tyre Pressure Monitoring Solution alone can improve your TCO by about 50 percent at the cost of the easiest installation at a very nominal installation & maintenance cost. Both devices are non intrusive and require no vehicular modification. Do contact us for more details on our bundled solution, prices and device specifications at sales@assettrackr.com and our representatives will be happy to help you

GPS Vehicle Tracking Devices, Fleet Management Systems, Mobile Field Workforce Management, Taxi Dispatch Solutions, Delivery & Dispatch Automation Softwares, Cargo & Logistics Management